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Sourire dentaire

Periodontics treatment

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease (gum and bone disease) is an infection of the tissues that support the teeth. Did you know that the latter is a scourge that affects one in three adults?  Periodontal disease is the main cause of tooth loss if no therapy is undertaken.

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The periodontium  


The periodontium is the set of tissues that supports the tooth and keeps your teeth firmly attached to your bone. It includes 4 parts:


Gum, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and cementum.

When the inflammation is limited to the gums, it is called gingivitis. It is a relatively common and reversible phenomenon. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of dental plaque (bacteria and food debris) near the gums. If it is not eliminated daily by brushing and flossing, it becomes more and more fatal. Gingivitis is first announced by a slight bleeding on brushing and the symptoms can worsen if no appropriate hygiene measures are taken.


Healthy gums


Gingivite | Chtdl
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Untreated gingivitis can develop into periodontitis. Periodontitis is characterized by the destruction of the supporting tissues around one or more teeth. It is mainly caused by the accumulation of tartar and dental plaque under the gumline due to insufficient dental hygiene measures. The supporting tissues gradually detach from the tooth and the space between the tooth and the gum deepens, forming what is called a periodontal pocket, thus causing the mobility and uprooting of the teeth.


  • bad breath

  • Bleeding gums

  • Red and swollen gums

  • Loosening of teeth (longer appearing teeth)

  • Space between teeth

  • Tooth mobility

  • Sometimes no symptoms

  • Tobacco, considered the first risk factor in the development of periodontal diseases

  • heredity

  • The stress

  • Medication

  • Certain systemic diseases

  • Hormonal changes

  • The presence of tartar under the gumline

  • Faulty restorations

Risk factors

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